"Knowledge will forever govern ignorance

 and a people who mean to be their own governors

 must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives."

Sunday, April 17, 2005

Reading The Tea Leaves

Does it seem unusual for a college student to give $27,000 in campaign donations? How about $35,000 in campaign contributions from an owner of a tea shop? Who knew a tea shop would be such a money maker and so soon after first opening its doors.

Perhaps Pen & Jen would be interested in giving us a franchise opportunity in another New Jersey train station – we see a fortune behind those tea leaves.


At 9:17 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Federal Election Commission Advisory Opinion Number 2004-25
Washington, DC 20463
August 20, 2004


Marc E. Elias, Esq.
Perkins Coie LLP
607 14th Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005-2011

Dear Mr. Elias:

This responds to your letter dated June 17, 2004, requesting an advisory opinion on behalf of Senator Jon Corzine, concerning
the application of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, as
amended (the "Act"), and Commission regulations to Senator
Corzine's donation of his personal funds to organizations
engaging in voter registration activity.


Senator Corzine is a U.S. Senator from New Jersey and a
candidate for re-election in 2006. He currently serves as
chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
("DSCC"), which is a national congressional campaign committee of
the Democratic Party. He plans to donate his "personal funds"
(as defined in 2 U.S.C. 431(26) and 11 CFR 100.33) in various
amounts, including amounts exceeding $25,000, to one or more
organizations that engage in "voter registration activity," as defined in 11 CFR 100.24(a)(2). You state that such donations
will be made solely at his own discretion, without express or
implied authority from, or on behalf of, the DSCC. Further,
Senator Corzine will not donate to organizations that he has
directly or indirectly established, financed, maintained, or controlled, and he will not exercise any direction or control
over how his funds are used by any organization to which he donates. Senator Corzine seeks an advisory opinion on whether the amounts he donates from his personal funds to these organizations will be restricted by 2 U.S.C. 441i(a), 441i(d), or 441i(e), and any of the Commission's regulations implementing those provisions.

Question Presented

Does Senator Corzine's status as an officer of a national party committee, a Federal candidate, or a Federal officeholder place limits on donations from his personal funds to organizations that engage in voter registration activity, as defined in 11 CFR 100.24(a)(2)?

Legal Analysis and Conclusion

Based upon the analysis set out below, the Commission concludes that 2 U.S.C. 441i(a), 441i(d), and 441i(e) do not restrict Senator Corzine's ability to donate his personal funds to organizations engaging in voter registration activity, as defined in 11 CFR 100.24(a)(2).

1. National Party Committee Officer

The Act, as amended by the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of
2002 ("BCRA"), and the Commission's rules bar national party committees (including national congressional committees of a political party, such as the DSCC) from raising or spending any
non-Federal funds, which are funds not subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of the Act. See 2 U.S.C. 441i(a); 11 CFR 300.2(k) and 300.10. BCRA also restricts national party committees in the raising and spending of funds for 501(c) organizations that make expenditures and disbursements in connection with an election for Federal office, and for 527 organizations. See 2 U.S.C. 441i(d); 11 CFR 300.11 and 300.50.

Although the restrictions extend to officers and agents of a
national party committee, the plain language of both the Act and
the Commission's regulations specifically limit application of
these restrictions to national party committee officers and agents only when such individuals are acting on behalf of the
national party committee.1 See 2 U.S.C. 441i(a) and (d); 11 CFR
300.10(c)(1), 300.11(b)(1), and 300.50(b)(1). Moreover, in
discussing the application of 2 U.S.C. 441i(a) and 441i(d) to
party officers, the Supreme Court has acknowledged that these
provisions do not apply to officers acting in "their individual capacities." McConnell v. Federal Election Commission, 540 U.S. __, 124 S.Ct. 619, at 658, 668, 679 (2003). Based on your representation that Senator Corzine's donation of his personal funds will be made solely at his own discretion, without express or implied authority from, or on behalf of, the DSCC, the Commission concludes that Senator Corzine would not be acting on behalf of the DSCC.2 Accordingly, sections 441i(a) and 441i(d) would not restrict Senator Corzine's donation of his personal funds to organizations that engage in voter registration activity, as defined in 11 CFR 100.24(a)(2), irrespective of his status as the DSCC chairman. However, if any of these organizations qualifies as a political committee, his contributions would be subject to the same dollar limits as those
applicable to the contributions of any other individual. See 2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(1).

2. Federal Candidate or Officeholder BCRA and the Commission's rules also restrict Federal candidates and officeholders in their ability to raise and spend funds in connection with an election for Federal office, including funds for any Federal election activity. See 2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A) and 11 CFR 300.61.3 The term "Federal election activity" includes voter registration activity that occurs during the period beginning on the date that is 120 days before the date a regularly scheduled Federal election is held and ending on the
date of the election. 2 U.S.C. 431(20); 11 CFR 100.24(b)(1). For the purposes of defining "Federal election activity," voter
registration activity means contacting individuals by telephone, in person, or by other individualized means to assist them in registering to vote. Voter registration includes, but is not limited to, printing and distributing registration and voting information, providing
individuals with voter registration forms, and assisting individuals in the completion and filing of such forms. 11 CFR 100.24(a)(2). Section 300.61 of the Commission's rules, 11 CFR 300.61, implements 2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A) and states that no Federal candidate or officeholder: shall solicit, receive, direct, transfer, spend, or disburse funds in connection with an election for
Federal office, including funds for any Federal election activity as defined in 11 CFR 100.24, unless
the amounts consist of Federal funds that are subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of the Act.
11 CFR 300.61; see also 11 CFR 300.60 (defining the persons
covered by 2 U.S.C. 441i(e) and 11 CFR 300.61). Unlike the restrictions regarding national party committees, discussed above, the Act and Commission regulations do not contain any language that explicitly limits application of the restrictions on a Federal candidate or officeholder only to when such an individual is acting in his or her official capacity.
Nevertheless, the language of 2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A), as well as
its implementing regulation at 11 CFR 300.61, is not clear as to
whether the restrictions on the use of funds extend to personal
funds of the Federal candidates or officeholders, and there is no
legislative history suggesting that Congress intended the section
441i(e)(1)(A) restrictions to apply to the personal funds of
Federal candidates and officeholders. Additionally, the
underlying purposes of 2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A) and 11 CFR 300.61
are not furthered by restricting Federal candidates or officeholders who, solely at their own discretion, spend their
personal funds, as opposed to those who spend funds contributed
or donated by others, or who raise funds for other persons or
organizations to spend. A principal sponsor of BCRA, in discussing the purpose of the restrictions on the activities of Federal officeholders contained in 2 U.S.C. 441i(e), stated that "a key purpose" of section 441i(e) was "to stop the use of soft money as a means of buying influence and access with Federal officeholders and candidates ." 148 Cong. Rec. S2139 (Daily ed. March 20, 2002)
(statement of Senator McCain). The sponsor characterized the
prohibitions contained in section 441i(e) as being "no different
from the Federal laws and ethical rules that prohibit Federal
officeholders from using their offices or positions of power to
solicit money or other benefits." Id. He further characterized the "compelling purpose" of section 441i(e) as "deter[ring] any
possibility that solicitations of large sums from corporations,
unions, and wealthy private interests will corrupt or appear to
corrupt . . . ." Id. Similarly, the Supreme Court's discussion of 2 U.S.C. 441i(e) in McConnell noted that, "[w]ithout some restriction on solicitations, federal candidates and officeholders could easily avoid FECA's contribution limits
by soliciting funds from large donors and restricted sources to
like-minded organizations engaging in federal election activities." McConnell, 124 S.Ct., at 683.
The Commission notes that the restriction on each of the
activities listed in 2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A) and 11 CFR 300.61
(i.e., soliciting, receiving, directing, transferring, spending,
or disbursing) furthers the anti-corruption purpose of those
sections. The inclusion of each of these activities addresses not just the solicitation and receipt of funds by a Federal candidate or officeholder but also his or her ability to use funds that have been either solicited for, or received by, a committee or entity that is directly or indirectly established, financed, maintained, or controlled by, or acting on behalf of, the candidate or officeholder. The purpose of these sections is not furthered, however, by restricting an individual who happens to be a Federal candidate or officeholder from donating his or her own personal funds, when acting solely at his or her own discretion. Such funds have not been solicited or received from others at the behest of the Federal candidate, officeholder or agent (see Advisory Opinion 2003-32 applying the section 441i(e)restrictions to funds from a Federal candidate's State campaign committee raised in a previous race for non-Federal office). Thus, because the funds Senator Corzine plans to donate would not be solicited or received from others, he would not, through his donation of such personal funds, incur an obligation toward any other person that would raise concerns regarding corruption or
the appearance thereof. The Commission concludes, therefore,
that Senator Corzine may donate his personal funds in amounts
exceeding the Act's limits to organizations that engage in voter
registration activity, as defined in 11 CFR 100.24(a)(2), irrespective of his status as a Federal candidate or officeholder. In reaching this conclusion, the Commission assumes, as represented by the requestor, that Senator Corzine's donations to each organization will not be in amounts that are so large or in amounts that comprise such a substantial percentage of the organization's receipts that the organization would be considered one that is "financed" by Senator Corzine. See 2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1); 11 CFR 300.61. 2The Commission notes again that, if any of these
organizations qualifies as a political committee, Senator
Corzine's contributions would be subject to the same dollar
limits as those applicable to the contributions of any other
individual. See 2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(1).

This response constitutes an advisory opinion concerning the
application of the Act and Commission regulations to the specific transaction or activity set forth in your request. See
2 U.S.C. 437f. The Commission emphasizes that, if there is a
change in any of the facts or assumptions presented and such
facts or assumptions are material to a conclusion presented in
this advisory opinion, then the requester may not rely on that
conclusion as support for its proposed activity.



Bradley A. Smith

Enclosure (AO 2003-32)

1 These provisions also apply to an entity that is directly or
indirectly established, financed, maintained or controlled by a
national party committee, and agents or officers of such an
entity. 2 U.S.C. 441i(a)(2) and 441i(d); 11 CFR 300.10(c),
300.11(b), and 300.50(b). In defining the term "agent" for the
purposes of part 300 (see 11 CFR 300.2(b)), the Commission
explained that "a principal can only be held liable for the
actions of an agent when the agent is acting on behalf of the
principal, and not when the agent is acting on behalf of other
organizations or individuals. Specifically, it is not enough
that there is some relationship or contact between the principal
and agent; rather the agent must be acting on behalf of the
principal to create potential liability for the principal."
Explanation and Justification for Final Rules on "Prohibited and
Excessive Contributions; Non-Federal Funds or Soft Money," 67
Fed. Reg. 49064, 49083 (July 29, 2002).
2 The Commission assumes that your representations also mean that
the DSCC will not solicit or direct Senator Corzine's donations
of his personal funds to the organizations. See 2 U.S.C. 441i(a)
and (d).
3 These provisions also apply to agents of Federal candidates and
officeholders, as well as to entities directly or indirectly
established, financed, maintained or controlled by, or acting on
behalf of, one or more Federal candidates or officeholders. 2
U.S.C. 441i(e)(1); 11 CFR 300.60(c) and (d).

At 10:46 AM, Blogger Enlighten said...

Well, that certainly clears up any confusion, but does this have anything to do with our questions about a student and a tea shop owner?

At 12:54 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

It must be that Norcross special value meal where you get two Conaway biscuits to dunk with your choice of teas that's drawing them big crowds in.

At 2:57 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Yeah, Corzine, the human ATM machine...he bends over and Norcross and the other political bosses swipe their cards down the crack of his ass...maybe he needs more depositors....who really knows in this great mixed up world of ours.....

At 2:23 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

So tell me, how does a twentysome year old, with no obvious business experience open a Tea shop in a train station with shop hours that don't correspond to commuter (the prime target market) hours have any money to donate to the Democrats?!? And certainly not $35,000 of extra cash available to donate to the poor Democrats in NJ?!?!? Maybe I should open a tea shop at my train station. And following Jen's lead, maybe if I ran it just during the peak rush hours, I could make enough to live high off the hog! Why am I slaving away commuting into NY only to turn around and give most of my hard earned money away in taxes?! I'd like to contact Jen and get a franchise at the Dunellen Train Station, as that seems to be her home town and maybe she could give me first hand advice on how to get rich quick! ...Or does my last name need to be Corzine?

At 2:12 AM, Blogger 贝贝 said...

The Tax Return Crack-Up<3>
Granted, there are usuallyMicrosoft Office 2010write-ups when presidential contenders make their tax returns available, but the coverage falls far short of the Office 2010
full court press (pardon the pun) that the Clintons have received. What's Microsoft Office 2007different now?Office 2007One possibility is that most upper middle class Democrats, and therefore most Microsoft OfficeOffice 2007 keyeditors and reporters of our nation's big papers as well as Office 2007 downloadtelevision producers, are Obama supporters who think that Hillary should hurry up Office 2007 Professionaland drop out of the race already.Microsoft outlook
Microsoft outlook 2010Whom elite liberals are pulling for really does shape political coverage in ways

At 10:13 AM, Anonymous Brion said...

����� | ����������� ����� | ����� �����

����������� ���� | ����� ����� | ����� ����

����� ���� | ����� ���� | ����� ����

����������� | ����������� ����� | ����� �����


Post a Comment

<< Home

 Contact Us

  • Email Us
  • Blog Roll Us!



  • Atom Feed
  • Bloglines
  • Feedburner
  • Feedster
  • Add to Google
  • Add to My MSN
  • Add to My Yahoo
  • News Is Free

    Recent Posts

  • Meet The Enlighten-NewJersey Gang
  • DeLay Can’t Hold A Candle to Corzine
  • Tax Revolt!
  • We Want Our Bread, Not Circuses
  • Corzine’s Demagoguery On Social Security
  • The Fine Print Of The Giants Deal
  • Class-War Revelation
  • NJ Assembly Republicans Propose Property Tax Reduc...
  • The Stealth Federal Income Tax On New Jersey
  • Willie, Say It Ain't So


  • November 2004
  • December 2004
  • January 2005
  • February 2005
  • March 2005
  • April 2005
  • May 2005
  • June 2005
  • July 2005
  • August 2005
  • September 2005
  • October 2005
  • November 2005
  • December 2005
  • January 2006
  • February 2006
  • March 2006
  • April 2006
  • May 2006
  • June 2006
  • July 2006
  • August 2006
  • September 2006
  • October 2006
  • November 2006
  • December 2006
  • January 2007
  • February 2007
  • March 2007
  • April 2007
  • May 2007
  • June 2007
  • August 2007
  • September 2007
  • October 2007
  • November 2007
  • December 2007
  • January 2008
  • February 2008
  • April 2008
  • November 2008
  • January 2009
  • August 2009
  • September 2009
  • February 2012

    Online Journals

  • National Review

  • Opinion Journal

  • Real Clear Politics

  • Weekly Standard

  • Blog Roll

  • A Blog For All
  • Althouse
  • Ankle Biting Pundits
  • Barista of Bloomfield Avenue
  • Betsy's Page
  • Blue Crab Boulevard
  • Blogs For Condi
  • Bob the Corgi
  • Brainster's Blog
  • BuzzMachine
  • Captain's Quarter's
  • Cinnaman
  • Coalition of the Swilling
  • CWA-NJ
  • Dino's Forum
  • Daily Mail
  • Don Surber
  • DynamoBuzz
  • eCache
  • Exit 4
  • Fausta's Blog
  • GOP Bloggers
  • Instapundit
  • Joe's Journal
  • Kate Spot
  • Kausfiles.com
  • Little Green Footballs
  • Michelle Malkin
  • More Mnmouth Musings
  • Parkway Rest Stop
  • Patrick Ruffini
  • Polipundit
  • Power Line
  • Right Wing News
  • Roger L. Simon
  • The Blue State Conservatives
  • Riehl World View
  • Red Jersey
  • Right, Wing-Nut!
  • Sid in the City
  • Tiger Hawk
  • The Truth Laid Bear
  • Tim Blair
  • Wizbang

  • Sid in the City

    Majority Accountability Project


    New Jersey Blogs


  • 11th and Washington

  • A Blog For All
  • A Planet Where Apes Evolved From Man?!?
  • Armies of Liberation
  • Atlantic Highland Muse
  • Attack of the 15.24 Mete

  • Barista of Bloomfield Avenue
  • BeLow Me
  • Big Windbag
  • Blanton's and Ashton's
  • Blue State Conservatives
  • Burning Feathers
  • BuzzMachine

  • Clifton Blogs
  • Coalition of the Swilling
  • Cobweb Studios
  • CoffeeGrounds
  • Constitutional Conservative
  • Confessions of a Jersey Goddess
  • Corzine Watch
  • Crazy Jackie
  • Cresting Acrocorinthus
  • Cripes, Suzette!

  • Daniella's Misadventures
  • Did I Say That Out Loud
  • Dojo Mojo
  • Dossy's Blog
  • Down the Shore
  • DynamoBuzz

  • eCache
  • Enlighten-NewJersey
  • Eye On Hoboken
  • Exit 4
  • Exit Zero
  • Extreme-Psychosis

  • Fausta's Blog
  • Fausti's Book Quest
  • Fractals of Change
  • Frenchtown NJ Blog

  • GiggleChick
  • Gregg Gethard's Amazing Personal Journey
  • goethe re scape

  • Hoboken Rock City

  • IamBillPower
  • If this is paradise, I wish I had a lawn-mower
  • Imaginary Therapy
  • Inadmissible Evidence

  • Jersey Beat
  • Jersey Perspective
  • Jersey Side
  • Jersey Style
  • Jersey Writers
  • Joe's Journal

  • Karl's Corner
  • Kate Spot

  • Laughing At The Pieces
  • Likelihood of Confusion
  • Liss Is More

  • Mamacita
  • Mary's Lame Attempt at Fame
  • Media in Trouble
  • Michael Carroll
  • Mister Snitch!
  • MucknMire
  • My Life as a Rabid Blog
  • My New Jersey

  • New Jersey Eminent Domain Law
  • NJ Conservative
  • NJ Fiscal Folly
  • New Jersey For Change
  • New Jersey Weblogs
  • NJ Spoken Word
  • Northeast Corridor

  • Parkway Rest Stop
  • Philly2Hoboken.com
  • Poetic Leanings
  • Poor Impulse Control
  • Professor Kim's News Notes
  • Property Tax NJ

  • Rain Angel
  • Riehl World View

  • Shamrocketship
  • Shipwrecks
  • SloppyDawg
  • Sluggo Needs a Nap
  • SmadaNeK
  • Static Silence

  • Tami,The One True
  • Tammany on the Hudson
  • Tequila Shots For The Soul
  • The Art of Getting By
  • The Center of New Jersey Life
  • The Daily Fry
  • The Duc Pond
  • The Jersey Shore Real Estate Bubble
  • The Joy of Soup
  • The Mark(ings) of Zorro
  • The New Wisdom
  • The Nightfly
  • The Opinion Mill
  • The Pink Panther
  • The Political Dogs
  • The Rix Mix
  • This Full House
  • Tiger Hawk
  • Tomato Nation
  • Toxiclabrat
  • Twisty

  • Unbillable Hours
  • Usdin.Net

  • Where Is The Remote
  • Wine Goddess

  • Xpatriated Texan

  • Links

  • NJ Governor
  • NJ Legislature
  • Bob Menendez Information

  • Blog Rings

  • Blog Explosion
  • Blog Directory
  • Blogsnow
  • Blogwise
  • Blogstreet
  • Blogshares
  • Blogarama
  • Blog Digger
  • Daypop
  • Globe of Blogs
  • Blog Search Engine

  • Ecosystem Status

  • Who Links Here